The program is recommended from the fifth to the eighth month of pregnancy, when it is scientifically demonstrated that the fetus begins to perceive and react to sounds coming from outside. By reproducing the sounds perceived during the pregnancy, particularly the parents' voices, after the birth, it produces relaxation effects, intensifies the sounding bond with the child and promotes voice identification.
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The workshop provides three sessions in comfortable spaces, to be able to offer activities of listening to music, vocal experimentation and comparison. Mothers and their companions can participate in one session or in the complete program: a training in breathing, vocalization and prenatal singing aimed at emotional attunement, with sharing of the latest scientific evidence on the benefits of listening for the mother and the child still in her womb; a guided concert of classical music and live opera singing; a workshop in music and movement with practical tips for playing with music with the family during the pregnancy and especially in the first six months of life.
In order to learn more, a ludic musical kit and scientific essays are distributed during the sessions, shared experiences and tips for listening.
To help the couple live peacefully the time of expectancy and to develop a better communication with the partner and with the child before and after the birth;
To offer pregnant women, through work on singing, breathing and posture, a useful and considerable comfort by reducing stress and favoring the start of a relationship based on the well-being of the mother and the child;
To help explore and express one's own sound identity, to have knowledge and confidence in one's voice by experiencing a new way of perceiving, listening and interacting through the voice itself and the music;
To encourage the subjective search for harmonics and sounds that provide for wellness.
During the sessions, simple relaxation exercises, corporeal knowledge, and breathing and vocal expression to bring home and to the family are proposed. The maternal voice is a significant vehicle of the mother-fetus relationship and a determining condition for fostering the evolution of the fetus towards post-natal linguistic structures, it constitutes the sound mixture on which language is modeled, a sort of linguistic imprinting (Tomatis A. 1981).
For the guided concert, a female instrument was privileged, capable of transmitting emotions with warm and welcoming tones through its vibrations: the cello. A bow voice that enchants more than others with its reference to the human voice, the maternal voice.
The music that the mother will listen to is one of the most refined ways that the woman has at her disposal to learn to listen. Listening means entering into a relationship with oneself. The mother who has refined her ability to listen to herself, starting from the careful listening of music, will be able to more easily understand the vibrational messages that the fetus sends her, the rhythm, the tone, the melodic modulation, the sound of the voice. The fetus, in the last 18 weeks, feeds on listening.
THE PRENATAL SOUND EXPERIENCE OF THE CHILD
The intrauterine sound world is a shower of sounds: intestinal noises, breathing, external voices and environmental noises are filtered by the amniotic fluid and marked by the heartbeat. The primary rhythmic-phonic structure is constituted by the heartbeat and the voice of the mother, which are elements charged with affective connotations and constitute the sensory bases on which the mother-child relationship is based. Through sound, the mother develops her feeling and the ability to communicate with him.
WHILE WAITING: THE FUNCTION OF SINGING
It keeps the diaphragm muscles active;
Calms and relaxes women;
Stimulates a wide range of emotions;
Creates a series of modifications even at the neuroendocrine level;
Promotes the expression and regulation of moods;
Helps concentrate during childbirth.
MUSIC AND MOVEMENT BEFORE AND AFTER BIRTH
With the practice of awakening the senses to come to see music as a language that involves them all: during the session we will discuss how to prepare the body and the emotional mind to be in sync with each other and with the outside world; how to play with the musical variables of tone, rhythm and volume with one's body, with the partner and with one's children; and how to adapt the new present bodies to an active and participatory listening.
Music in Obstetrics: An Intervention Option to Reduce Tension, Pain and Stress
Authors: Verena Wulff, Philip Hepp, TRanja Fehm, Nora K. Schaal
It has been demonstrated that music has positive effects on cognitive and physical performance, such as concentration and endurance, as well as on psychological parameters, such as anxiety and relaxation. Studies in the field of medicine in particular indicate that music can be used as an intervention to alleviate anxiety, stress and pain. Studies of musical interventions in the field of obstetrics have shown that music improves the ability to relax during pregnancy and can reduce anxiety. It has also been discovered that musical interventions during childbirth obtain for the woman a decrease in pain and stress, even in future mothers during a cesarean section.
THE EFFECT OF ACTIVE SINGING DURING PREGNANCY
In the Crolan et al. study, they taught to sing lullabies during four group sessions. After three months, the semi-structured interviews confirmed that the satisfaction and the ability to relax had improved, the women experienced a closer bond with the unborn child. The studies of Persico et al. were able to show that singing during pregnancy can have a positive effect on both mother and child. They also showed a clear decrease in cortisol levels in the group of mothers who listened to music before an amniocentesis test compared to the control group.
THE EFFECT OF MUSIC DURING PREGNANCY
Cao et al. showed that music as an additional element improved the effectiveness of the conventional treatment of pregnancy-induced hypertension, an effect on objectively measurable physiological parameters. Chang et al. has shown a positive effect on the psychology of pregnant women. After listening to music daily, women had a significantly lower level of stress and anxiety than the control group.
MUSIC DURING LABOR
Phumdoung and Good, with the help of visual analogue scales for pain and emotional stress, were able to demonstrate that the musical intervention for a period of three hours during the active phase of labor leads to a decrease in stress and of the sensation of pain. The control group did not experience this form of relief. In the study by Simavli et al., after childbirth, women in the intervention group showed significant lower scores on visual analogue scales for pain intensity and anxiety as well as on the post-natal depression scale of Edinburgh compared to the control group.
MUSIC DURING A CESAREAN SECTION
Chang and Chen demonstrated a positive effect of the intervention of music during the surgery, on feelings of anxiety and women's satisfaction. Li and Dong carried out a study on playing live music to expectant mothers during the waiting time before their cesarean section. Six hours after the surgery the women who had listened to music during the waiting time showed a significantly lower score on the visual analogue pain scale than the control group.
THE SOUND BONDING
A physical, emotional, hormonal, caregiving experience between mother, partner and child that will start in the pre-natal period to consolidate at birth and during the growth of the child. Sound is an element of contact and relationship to start interacting with the child. When the parental couple sings, the child becomes aware of the presence of two people who take care of him. By listening to music, hormones such as dopamine and endorphin are secreted which strengthen the immune system, help fight stress in premature babies and decrease the perception of pain during childbirth.
WHAT CAN PEDIATRICIANS, NURSES, OBSTETRICIANS, SPEECH THERAPISTS, AND PSYCHOLOGISTS DO?
Emphasize the importance of sounds and music and distribute informative material. They can advise: reading, singing, listening to music, going to the library, attending musical meetings. Counselors can foresee during the prepartum courses a moment dedicated to the importance of parents' singing and listening to music during pregnancy.
(Same as in Italian version)